China Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery ›› 2022, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 371-377.doi: 10.19438/j.cjoms.2022.04.010

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Construction of home care program for patients with oromaxillofacial head and neck tumor undergoing tracheotomy based on Delphi method

XU Zhu-feng1,2, HOU Li-li1, WANG Yue-ping1, XIE Yu-ting1, LIU Liu3, YU Xi-xi1   

  1. 1. Department of Nursing, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Shanghai 200011;
    2. Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Nursing. Shanghai 200025;
    3. Department of Oromaxillofacial Head and Neck Oncology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Shanghai 200011, China
  • Received:2022-04-24 Revised:2022-05-25 Online:2022-07-20 Published:2022-08-02

Abstract: PURPOSE: To construct a home care program of tracheotomy for patients with oromaxillofacial head and neck tumor. METHODS: Based on content analysis of the literature, semi-structured?interviews and theoretical framework, the first draft of home care program for patients with oromaxillofacial head and neck tumor was constructed. Delphi method was used to carry out two rounds of mail inquiry to 15 experts in relevant fields to determine the final scheme. SPSS 25.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The questionnaire return rate of the two rounds of expert consultation was 100% and the overall expert authority coefficient was 0.88. The coefficient of variation of importance was 0-0.16 and the coefficient of variation of feasibility was 0-0.17. The scheme included 4 primary indicators, 9 secondary indicators and 31 tertiary indicators. CONCLUSIONS: The home care program of tracheotomy for patients with oromaxillofacial head and neck tumor constructed in this study meets the needs of this group of patients. The construction of the program is scientific and feasible, also provides a reference for clinical practice.

Key words: Oromaxillofacial head and neck tumor, Tracheotomy, Home care, Delphi method

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